Cash flow is the very finance that flows into, through, and out of your business venture during a specific period of time.
This does not include any lines of credit from suppliers, money owed to you from debtors, or cash in your bank account; it is only concerned with the flow of money inside your business over time.
In order to have positive cash flow, you need more business to be coming into your business than going out. It can prove to be difficult to maintain healthy cash flow, but we have a few tips to help you head into the right direction.
Read on further to discover the meaning of cash flow and how you can maintain close control of it.
- 1 Definition of cash flow
- 2 Understanding Cash Flow
- 3 Cash Flow vs. Profit
- 4 How to Analyse Cash Flows
- 5 What problems can lead to negative cash flow?
- 6 How to solve cash flow problems
- 7 Maximise your bottom line
Definition of cash flow
The definition of cash flow is the movement of money into or out of a business. It is an important concept because it represents the resources that a company has available to pay its bills and expand its operations.
There are two types of cash flow: operating cash flow and investment cash flow. Operating cash flow is the cash that a company generates from its normal business activities, such as sales and expense payments.
Investment cash flow is the cash that a company receives or spends on investments, such as new equipment or real estate. A company’s overall cash flow is the sum of its operating and investment cash flows. Cash flow is typically measured on a monthly or quarterly basis.
Understanding Cash Flow
Cash flow is the amount of cash that enters and exits a company. Businesses take in cash from sales as revenues and spend money on expenses. A business may also receive income from interest, investments, royalties, and licensing agreements and sell products on credit, expecting to actually receive the cash owed at a late date.
One of the most common reasons small business ventures can suffer from negative cashflow issues, is the fact that they have to wait between 30-90 days to receive payment of invoices. Companies can also receive late payments from clients and customers, which lead to them suffering financially.
For the reasons we have listed previously, Invoice Financing has become a largely popular solution for small and medium sized business ventures to gain funding that is locked in unpaid invoices. This is a simple funding solution that is highly accessible to companies that need to improve their working capital quickly.
Cash Flow vs. Profit
Contrary to what many think, cash flow is not same as profit. It isn’t uncommon to get these two terms confused because they seem very similar. Simply remember that cash flow is the money that goes in and out of a business.
Profit is used to measure a company’s financial success or how much money it makes overall. This means that profit is the amount of money that is left after a company pays off all its obligations.
Profit is whatever cash is left after subtracting a company’s expenses from its revenues.
How to Analyse Cash Flows
Analysing cash flow statements in conjunction with other financial statements such as balance sheet or income statements can assist analysts and investors to arrive at various metrics and ratios. These can then be used to make informed decisions and recommendations.
What problems can lead to negative cash flow?
Cash flow is one of the greatest monetary difficulties that any independent company will confront. Without readily available cash, it tends to be truly difficult to push on and develop the endeavour, and in extreme cases, it can even compromise the viability of the business. This happens when cash flow is in such a bad state, that you can hardly afford to cover payroll costs, rent, and other essential monthly requirements.
Here are the issues that can lead to negative cash flow:
Large overhead costs
It’s worse for certain industries than others, but any entrepreneur or accounts officer will realise exactly how costly it very well may be to keep a modern business running. It’s these monthly costs that are what truly eats into the cash pot.
Any business that is finding that an excessive amount of money is leaving the accounts each month may hope to make a few cuts or searching for elective and less expensive providers. Do nothing that may affect profit in any case, as this could make things even worse.
Late invoice payments
Unpaid invoices are maybe the biggest cause of issues in regard to cash flow, and they can negatively influence businesses of any size. At any given time in the UK, a huge amount of money is outstanding, and this can be truly unsafe. Luckily, if your greatest issue is late payments, there are a lot of ways you can stop the problems from developing any further.
Tightening credit control, actively chasing up late payments, and being cautious with terms would all be able to assist with getting those invoices paid on time. There are also financial products available, for example, invoice finance, which can assist with eliminating some of the worry that you have over late payments.
Low profit margins
A lack of profit will normally mean less money coming into the business. New businesses can regularly confront difficulties in such manner, because their unestablished reputation can make it harder to get lower rates for products and services that they may then sell on. This is the reason it’s so significant for new market participants to have the option to offer something your competitors don’t.
If you are able to make your unique product stand out, regardless of what it may be, you’ll have a great chance of being able to apply a strong profit margin which does not have to directly compete with competing companies.
A lack of planning
Lastly, an absence of preparation can be much worse than you may anticipate. The dates that cash comes in and goes out can have a shockingly huge impact on cash flow, and lack of foresight in such manner may lead to you plunging into a costly overdraft unnecessarily.
Always try to gauge when you anticipate money will be coming in and leaving your accounts. This will leave you more ready, more averse to encounter cash flow problems.
How to solve cash flow problems
There are a few different ways that you can solve cash flow issues. Even though we have touched on many of our tips and tricks throughout the ‘problems’ section of this guide, we will go into more specific detail now.
It may appear obvious, however one of the key ways you can resolve cash flow issues is to work on the contrast between your incomings and outgoings. Building up revenue is unmistakably the trickier component to this, so you should hope to free up cash every single month as a first port of call.
Numerous organisations are shocked by the sum they can save through checking on where costs are and what they can afford to cut out.